Consumer Behaviour Models Ppt Download Free
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• • • The buying decision process is the process used by consumers regarding market transactions before, during, and after the purchase of a. It can be seen as a particular form of a in the presence of multiple alternatives.
Common examples include and deciding what to eat. Decision-making is a psychological construct.
This means that although a decision can not be 'seen', we can infer from observable behaviour that a decision has been made. Therefore, we conclude that a psychological 'decision-making' event has occurred. It is a construction that imputes commitment to action. That is, based on observable actions, we assume that people have made a commitment to effect the action. Nobel laureate sees decision-making as a vain attempt to be rational. He claims (in 1947 and 1957) that if a complete analysis is to be done, a decision will be immensely complex. He also says that peoples' information processing ability is limited.
The assumption of a perfectly economic actor is unrealistic. Consumers are influenced by emotional and nonrational considerations making attempts to be rational only partially successful. Consumers shopping at London's Burlington Arcade engage in a variety of recreational and functional purchasing activities - from window shopping through to transporting their purchases homewards • Problem/Need Recognition - Recognize what the problem or need is and identify the product or type of product which is required. • Information Search - The consumer researches the product which would satisfy the recognized need.
• Evaluation of Alternatives - The consumer evaluates the searched alternatives. Generally, the information search reveals multiple products for the consumer to evaluate and understand which product would be appropriate. • Purchase Decision - After the consumer has evaluated all the options and would be having the intention to buy any product, there could be now only two things which might just change the decision of the consumer of buying the product that is what the other peers of the consumer think of the product and any unforeseen circumstances.
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Unforeseen circumstances for example in this case could be financial losses which led to not buying of the product. • Post Purchase Behavior - After the purchase the consumer may experience post purchase dissonance feeling that buying another product would have been better. Addressing post purchase dissonance spreads good word for the product and increases the chance of frequent repurchase. These five stages are a framework to evaluate customers' buying decision process.
While many consumers pass through these stages in a fixed, linear sequence, some stages such as evaluation of alternatives may occur throughout the purchase decision. The time and effort devoted to each stage depends on a number of factors including the perceived risk and the consumer's motivations.
In the case of an impulse purchase, such as the purchase of a chocolate bar as a personal treat, the consumer may spend minimal time engaged in information search and evaluation and proceed directly to the actual purchase. The rise of digital media and social networks is changing the way that consumers search for product information Problem/need-recognition [ ] Problem/Need-recognition is the first and most important step in the buying decision. Without the recognition of the need, a purchase cannot take place.
The need can be triggered by internal stimuli (e.g., ) or external stimuli (e.g. According to, only when a person has fulfilled the needs at a certain stage, can he or she move to the next stage. The problem must be the products or services available. It's how the problem must be recognized.
Information search [ ] The stage is the next step that the customers may take after they have recognized the problem or need in order to find out what they feel is the best solution. This is the buyer's effort at searching the internal and external business environments to identify and observe sources of information related to the focal buying decision.The field of information has come a long way in the last forty years, and has enabled easier and faster information discovery. Consumers can rely on print, visual, and/or voice media for getting information. Evaluation of alternatives [ ].